Optometrists are highly trained and qualified to diagnose and treat many eye conditions and diseases, including glaucoma. During a comprehensive eye exam, they can perform a number of tests to detect any problems. These tests include a peripheral visual field test, which assesses a person's side vision, and measuring intraocular pressure to check for abnormal pressure in the eye. Additionally, the optometrist will dilate the eyes to get a 3D enlarged view of the optic nerve and evaluate its shape, color, depth, size, and vessels.
Approximately 40,000 optometrists practice in the United States, and 1,350 graduate from optometry schools and colleges each year. Optometrists are perfect for those who want to have an eye test, put on contact lenses or prescription glasses, get vision therapy, or have an eye exam. They can also refer their patients to other doctors with specific qualifications if they cannot perform the treatment. In my experience, only a rare optometrist will voluntarily care for a patient with advanced disease without a consultation about glaucoma.
An ophthalmoscope is used to shine light into the eyes, allowing the optometrist to examine the retina, optic disc, and blood vessels. Early identification of the disease allows them to formulate a more effective treatment plan and preserve more of the vision. It is important to be diligent about having comprehensive eye exams as recommended by your optometrist. This will help diagnose any problems or diseases early on and allow for proper treatment.
Optometrists are highly trained professionals who can diagnose and treat many eye conditions.